Sustainable eucalyptus plantations


Sustainable plantations are an ecological and efficient way to produce wood raw material to meet the globally increasing need for wood based products.

hectares of UPM’s own and leased plantations in Uruguay
people directly and indirectly employed from plantations to pulp making and logistics
4.9 million tonnes
of CO2 equivalents - carbon sink of UPM's plantations' 5-year annual average (2020)

Plantation operations in Uruguay since 1990

UPM has over 30 years’ experience in tree plantation management in Uruguay. In 1990 Kymmene and Shell joined forces and founded a company focusing on eucalyptus plantations. The company, today known as UPM Forestal Oriental, was transferred to UPM’s full ownership in 2009.

UPM manages around 459,000 hectares of land, of which roughly 60% is planted with eucalyptus. The rest of the land area consists of unplanted grassland, infrastructure and protected valuable sites such as native forests. All our plantations are certified to both FSC™ (SGS-FM / COC-000606) and PEFC (UY11 / 20080091) forest standards.

The plantations provide wood to UPM’s Fray Bentos pulp mill in south-western Uruguay and soon also to the Paso de los Toros mill located in central Uruguay.


Why plantations?

Eucalyptus is an ideal fibre for pulp making – the trees grow fast and seedlings will provide wood within 10 to 12 years. Here are the top reasons why we think plantations play a key role in establishing a solid raw material base.

Sustainable wood sourcing

Climate and the environment

Social impact


These are our key principles of sustainable plantation management and wood sourcing

100% traceable wood origin

100% legal sources

100% UPM plantations double certified

Zero deforestation

No use of tropical rainforests

Respecting traditional and civil rights

Safeguarding high conservation values

No use of genetically modified trees


Everything you’ve wanted to know about plantations